Surgical sterilization is a permanent method of contraception and is discontinuation of reproductive capacity.
1. What is sterilization?
Prevents sterilization of egg and sperm meeting. This is possible by blocking the fallopian tube (that carries the egg from the ovary to the uterus) in women or the vas deferens (the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis) in men.
Sterilization in men
Usually under local anesthesia, making a small cut in the skin scrotolui. Vas deferens is cut, bound and insulated with heat. The surgery takes about 15 minutes and can be performed in a clinic or a hospital without the need for hospitalization.
Vasectomy is very efficient - about 1 in 2000 cases of male sterilization is unsuccessful.
Sterilization in women
Under local anesthesia or light general anesthesia, an incision is made in the lower abdomen. Fallopian tube is wrapped or tied or blocked, usually with staples.
Sterilization is unsuccessful for one of 200 women. Method is more efficient binding.
Women who see sterilization as a possible option should be informed about other long-term contraceptive methods, which are as effective or more effective than sterilization.
2. How long after you give to other sterilization methods of contraception?
Women must use contraception to four weeks after the sterilization operation.
Men should use contraception until after vasectomy sperm test will prove that there is no need. This test is usually eight weeks after vasectomy.
3. This method can be applied to all?
Sterilization is a method recommended only for women and men who are not sure they (may) want children. This is a permanent method.
You should not take into account sterilization if you are unsure, you are under stress (eg, after birth, miscarried or abortion) or if you are going through a relational or family crisis.
Studies have shown that many men and women who have resorted to sterilization before turning 30 years regret it can not have children or not involved in a relationship.
4. Where sterilization practice?
Sterilization can be done in departments contaceptie clinics, clinics that have a specialty or general practice sexual health.
Surgical sterilization does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Decision on appropriate contraceptive method must be taken together with the doctor. He is one who will assess the health of the person and decide on special situations, the special conditions or contraindications.